29/02/2020 by africandevelopersgroup 0 Comments
The dilemma of Maintaining a city life with avoiding pollution | Nairobi
Nairobi, the green city under the sun, originated in the late 1890s as a colonial railway settlement, taking its name from a water hole known to the Maasai people as Enkare Nairobi (“Cold Water”). Unsurprisingly, Unsurprisingly, Kenya’s capital -Nairobi- is the only city that has a National Park in the World. Yet, the reaper of pollution knocked the door of Nairobi right at its center.
The Kenya Population and Housing Census 2019 results indicate that Nairobi is the most populous county in Kenya with a resident population of 4.4 million people while following counties Kiambu and Nakuru have more than two million residents. Over and above this figure, Nairobi has a day population in excess of six million people. The capital city's population has grown 40 per cent in the last 10 years from 3,138,369 in 2009, the 2019 census data reveals. This now means Nairobi accounts for 9.2 per cent of the country’s total population. Major causes of this growth are the subsequent stream of migrants from rural Kenya, in search of jobs and better livelihoods.
Nairobi’s landmass is 703.9 square kilometers. This shows about 6,247 people occupy a square kilometer. Not to paint a grim picture but this overpopulation makes Nairobi a citadel of pollution, with a legacy of poor planning and illegal construction which has resulted in health and sanitation crisis. A prime cause of this pollution many of our vehicles which run on diesel, which has been proven to be more damaging still to human health, not only causing cancer, heart and lung damage, but affecting our mental faculties. Another cause is the open burning, that horrible smell that comes from burning plastics and rubber is one of the most toxic pollutants to mankind, loaded with dioxins and furans that are a straight line to cancer, impotence and allergies of all kinds. In addition to that is the huge garbage mounds, poor waste disposal and the pollution of Nairobi River.
These pollutants can affect the health of those who rely on the river, or live close to it. For instance, farmers along the Nairobi River and its tributaries commonly use polluted water and raw sewage for irrigation. This exposes them, and consumers, to disease or infections.Compounds from industries can have wide-ranging effects. For instance, lead is known to affect children’s mental development, cadmium can damage kidneys and some compounds, like chromium, are carcinogenic.
The Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Management 2019’, a report released by WHO showing that 800 people die every
hour as a result of the dirty air they breathe. The report further indicates that the annual death rate from air pollution is 6.5 million people globally. Our poor air quality is causing cancer, and heart disease. It’s messing up our hormonal balance, and damaging our reproductive system.
Subsequently, the more you move away from the center of the city the safer and healthier you are. Nevertheless, in the 21 century one tends to live the city lifestyle with all the facilities, technologies, and not to mention the jobs and salary. Hence, moving away from the center of the city while maintaining the city life style is the possible wanted solution in every capital. Therefore, you should Consider other regions less populated such as Loresho, Syokimau, Thika road and Ridgeways just to name a few.
All in all, population is increasing in Nairobi at an alarmingly high rate threatening the City’s green nature, causing resource depletion and leading to environmental concerns such as global warming, deforestation and decreasing biodiversity. Pollution is taking over and deteriorating our nature and health. Yes, one aims to maintain a living in a city for various of reasons, but
to avoid such pollution, moving away from the center is pretty convenient and handy solution. Other regions, areas less populated such as Loresho, Syokimau, Thika road, Ridgeways and so. This will help reduce the pressure for Nairobi and help improve your and your family’s quality
of life. Remember when it comes to our air, we all have no choice but to breathe!